Utilizing sustainable power sources like wind and solar oriented for power generation has helped in diminishing carbon impressions and made power accessible to non-electrified remote areas. A Wind-Solar hybrid power framework that consolidates the advantages of the two sources can improve the unwavering quality and strength of the network to convey non-discontinuous electric power.
Sustainable power generation through renewable energy, rather than customary petroleum derivatives, has helped in lessening carbon footprints as well as made power accessible to non-electrified remote areas. While choosing environmentally friendly power energy alternatives for a locale, a few factors like geographic fluctuation, financial possibility, etc should be thought of.
For complete dependence on sustainable energy like solar or wind, it must be accessible in all seasons. Notwithstanding, this isn’t the real case because of the unusual climate. For instance, solar energy can’t be bridled to its maximum capacity in monsoon, and wind velocities might be highest in one season and not so in others. In zones where more than one environmentally friendly power like wind or solar-based is accessible, a hybrid power framework that consolidates their advantages can improve the dependability and stability of the lattice.
Wind-solar based hybrid frameworks interface wind turbine generators and solar boards to generate power in a decentralized mode, commonly in the range of 1kW to 10kW. The independent system is associated with a charge regulator that can deal with the two frameworks for charging the battery so energy can be utilized at whatever point required. A viable inverter changes over DC output to AC for purposes like power dissemination, powering apparatuses like cooler and oven, etc. In the case of on-grid hybrid systems, the battery is charged by the network when both solar and wind are not accessible.
These devices can be set up on rooftops. The cost varies based on the sizes, ratios of wind, and solar components. The batter size is also reduced which makes it easier to handle.
The generation of power from wind energy is done by wind turbines (commonly vertical or horizontal axis), where blades rotate within the range of defined cut in and cut off speeds. The rotation of the turbines goes to align with the wind direction.
Solar power systems have solar panels that consist of photovoltaic (PV) cells and utilize sunlight to generate electrical power. Factors like sunlight and its duration, including the cleanliness of panels and their set up, need to be considered for an efficient solar panel framework.
Hybrid systems are often used for small consumption. In residential areas, there has been significant adoption—particularly at home, luxury apartments, and large multi-family buildings—to experience a definite set of power. In commercial and industrial establishments, mostly used as chronic power shortage for rural offices, schools, or small hotels just for basic needs— since there are only a few loads and standalone hybrid systems are generally preferred over an on-grid framework.
In spite of the opportunity for a hybrid system, a high initial investment, a considerable duration for payback, and uncertainty about the performance makes people skeptical results to few rate of embracing this type of generating power and implementation worldwide. Some companies in India are innovating technology that focuses on wind-solar hybrid, including Supernova Technologies Private Limited, Zenith Solar Systems, Alpha Windmills, Unitron Energy System Pvt Ltd, and ReGen Powertech Pvt Ltd. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has introduced the National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy to promote wind-solar hybrid power projects in order to drive encouragement to technological advancements and better use of transmission infrastructure.
Several countries perform various initiatives in order to boost this electronic sector. Gamesa, Blue Pacific Solar Products, Grupo Dragon, and Alternate Energy Company are a few of the common names in this industry. In the previous year, the Kenyan Investment Authority and Meru County Government joined a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Windlab and Eurus Energy for the progress and innovation of Meru County Energy Park, the African continent’s first large-scale wind-solar-storage hybrid framework project. The goal is to produce up to 80MW of clean energy to supply energy for homes, while construction is expected to begin next year.